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  1. Ida Alexander Gibbs Hunt, 1862-1957
    Ida Gibbs Hunt was the daughter of Mifflin Gibbs, an abolitionist who had helped coordinate the Underground Railroad, worked with Frederick Douglass, owned a San Francisco pioneer shoe store, and founded California’s first Black newspaper. She received a bachelor’s degree in English in 1884 from Ohio’s Oberlin College, then a master’s in 1892. As an educator, Hunt became principal of what is today Florida A&M University in Tallahassee before returning to Washington, D.C to teach at a Black high school. While her father served as U.S. Counsel to Madagascar, she married his protégé, William Hill Hunt, in 1904. The Hunts spent the next quarter century with the U.S. State Department, residing in France, the Azores, Liberia, and the West Indies before returning to Washington, D.C. Throughout her life, Hunt spoke in support of peace, women’s suffrage, civil rights, and social justice. While in Paris, she was assistant secretary of the first Pan-African congress in 1919, participated in the 1921 congress, and co-chaired a planning committee with W.E.B. Du Bois for a third. Hunt also became a prolific writer who eloquently presented her ideas of racial progress through the lens of her international experiences.

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